Personal finance

The culture of saving

Are Americans becoming more thrifty? Personal savings rates are up, the government statistics tell us. This fact has engendered a wide-ranging debate. Is this just a short-term deviation from America’s obsession with spending, or is it a permanent change?

I … Read more

Investing

What have we learned?

Like everyone else, I’ve been reading (well, skimming) reams of year-end—and in some places, “decade-end”—economic summaries. There’s lots of talk about black swans, financial “Frankensteins,” lost decades, and fundamental changes in investor behavior.

Black swans are old news, and I’ve … Read more

Personal finance

Is your financial advisor worth it?

If you rely on a financial advisory firm to manage your assets, how do you know if you’re getting what you pay for?

We think the answer to this question comes down to several specific points, one of which (an … Read more

Retirement

The “pink slip” risk in retirement planning

I’ve mentioned in several previous posts that the anxiety about 401(k) balances has been largely overstated, in part because of the beneficial effects of ongoing contributions and diversified portfolios. This point has come across as Pollyanna-ish to some of you, … Read more

Investing

How Paul Samuelson helped inspire index mutual funds

Paul A. Samuelson, who died December 13 at age 94, was rightly remembered as a brilliant educator, as author of the best-selling economics textbook ever, and as the second recipient of the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences. Professor Samuelson, the … Read more

Investing

Going overseas without going overboard

The idea of holding a portion of your portfolio in non-U.S. stocks has been around for quite some time, but the ways in and reasons for which it’s put into practice have evolved.

At first, the addition of non-U.S. stocks … Read more

Retirement

Another look at 401(k) accounts

I elicited some grief from certain Vanguard Blog readers by talking about a recovery in 401(k) accounts earlier this year. Allow me to provide an update on the issue.

Recall my basic premise: As a result of ongoing contributions, … Read more

Taxes

The record date: Not a tune you can dance to

Every year, many investors find themselves “buying a distribution” and incurring liabilities that could have been avoided or at least deferred.

Tax law requires that realized gains in a portfolio be distributed at least annually, typically in December. If you’re … Read more

Investing

Why we advertise

It’s a question we hear from time to time on this blog, as well as through e-mails, letters, and phone calls: “Why does Vanguard advertise?”

It’s a fair question. And believe me, it’s a topic debated vigorously by Vanguard’s leadership … Read more

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Visit vanguard.com or contact your broker to obtain a Vanguard ETF or fund prospectus which contains investment objectives, risks, charges, expenses, and other information; read and consider carefully before investing.

Vanguard ETF Shares are not redeemable with the issuing Fund other than in Creation Unit aggregations. Instead, investors must buy or sell Vanguard ETF Shares in the secondary market with the assistance of a stockbroker. In doing so, the investor may incur brokerage commissions and may pay more than net asset value when buying and receive less than net asset value when selling.

Investments in bond funds are subject to interest rate, credit, and inflation risk.

Diversification does not ensure a profit or protect against a loss in a declining market.

Foreign investing involves additional risks including currency fluctuations and political uncertainty.

Stocks of companies in emerging markets are generally more risky than stocks of companies in developed countries.

An investment in a money market fund is not insured or guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other government agency. Although a money market fund seeks to preserve the value of your investment at $1 per share, it is possible to lose money by investing in such a fund.

All investing is subject to risk, including possible loss of principal.

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