In the early 1990s, I studied for the Chartered Financial Analyst® (CFA®) exams. From March to June, I’d lock the television in the closet and spend my evenings with some of the driest reading material ever committed to the page.… Read more
Investors have every right to feel anxious about the markets.
First, we had the endless drama and squabbling over the federal debt ceiling. An agreement was reached, but before we could take a collective sigh of relief, the equity markets … Read more
There’s been a lot of back and forth about the differences between the posted performance of a mutual fund or exchange-traded fund (ETF) and the returns actually realized by investors taking into account cash flow.
Reading the discussion around this, … Read more
You may have noticed news coverage in recent weeks about reductions in expense ratios for some of Vanguard’s funds. Most recently, for example, we reported that expenses declined for several of our international index funds.
As one who long … Read more